iFi Audio has added the hip-dac to its line-up of portable USB DAC/headphone amps. The device, which is finished in petrol blue with a touch of copper, is designed to take with you and offer hi-res music playback from wherever you are.
The idea is to use the hip-dac to replace inferior DAC (Digital-to-Analogue Convertor) and amp circuitry in smartphones, tablets, PCs, and Macs, improving sound from headphones. Connect your playback device via USB, plug in your favourite corded headphones or in-ear monitors, and the hip-dac delivers upgraded sound.
The DAC section is based around a Burr-Brown DAC chip that iFi uses extensively in its products, selected for its fluid, highly ‘musical' sound quality and True Native architecture. This, combined with custom iFi circuitry, enables the hip-dac to deliver improved sound quality across many digital audio formats, including bit-perfect PCM, native DSD, and MQA, the hi-res streaming codec, as used by Tidal's ‘Masters' tier.
Hi-res PCM and DXD audio data is supported at sampling rates up to 384kHz, alongside DSD from 2.8MHz to 12.4MHz (DSD64, 128 and 256). Thanks to the Burr-Brown chip's True Native design, PCM and DSD take separate pathways - this enables both PCM and DSD to remain ‘bit-perfect' in their native form right through to analogue conversion, which is not the case with most other DAC/headphone amps, says iFi. Either side of the rotary volume control reside a pair of LEDs that change colour to indicate the format and sampling rate of the digital audio being played.
Extensive clock-locking eradicates jitter (digital distortion), using iFi's GMT femto-precision clocking system to maintain the integrity of the digital signal until conversion to analogue.
The XMOS chip processes audio data received at the USB input and is programmed in-house. Rather than relying on firmware supplied off-the-shelf, which is not typically optimized for audiophile-grade sound, iFi programs its own bespoke firmware to enhance audio processing.
Features can be added or optimized via firmware updates. You can even download and install different versions of iFi firmware to experiment with different digital filters.
The hip-dac's amp circuitry is of balanced (differential) design that can reduce noise within the signal path. The circuitry incorporates a range of high-quality components, carefully selected for their performance in an audio context, including a custom iFi OV op-amp, TDK C0G class 1 ceramic capacitors, a precision low-noise power supply IC from Texas Instruments and a high-quality analogue volume pot (many portable DAC/headphone amps use inferior digital volume controls).
The headphone amp has a nominal power rating of 400mW and is capable of delivering over 700mW from the balanced output depending on the impedance of the attached headphones.
The amp stage features switchable gain, which iFi terms PowerMatch. This matches the level of drive to the load presented by the headphones, by adjusting input sensitivity and thereby signal strength. With high-sensitivity headphone types such as in-ear monitors, leave PowerMatch at its lower setting for ultra-low-noise performance. But if your headphones require more drive - most on/over-ear types, for example - press the PowerMatch button on the front panel to increase gain.
XBass is another user-selectable feature, a form of ‘bass boost' that enhances low frequencies without muddying the midrange, particularly useful with earphones and open-back headphones that may lack deep bass. It operates entirely in the analogue domain rather than messing with the digital signal via DSP and may be switched in or out of the signal path.
The hip-dac's USB input handles audio data up to 32-bit/384kHz and supports the ‘SuperSpeed' USB 3.0 standard, as well as USB 2.0 for backwards compatibility. It is asynchronous, meaning that the data rate is regulated solely by the hip-dac's specialized audio clock circuitry for accurate, jitter-free data transfer from the source device.
There are two USB ports - Type A for audio data and USB-C for charging. The Type A input features a ‘male' connector, rather than a typical ‘female' port. This arrangement provides greater mechanical integrity than the USB/microUSB ports commonly found on DAC/headphone amps from other manufacturers. It also offers an advantage to iPhone and iPad users because it accepts Apple's Lightning to USB Camera Adaptor directly without requiring an additional female-to-male USB adaptor. (The Camera Adapter is required to connect Apple iOS devices to third-party USB devices.)
Two outputs are provided - a 3.5mm socket for headphones with a single-ended cable/connector and a Pentaconn 4.4mm output enabling headphones equipped with balanced connectivity to take full advantage of the hip-dac's differential amp design. In addition, the 3.5mm output benefits from iFi's proprietary S-Balanced circuitry, cutting crosstalk and related distortion in half when used with regular, single-ended headphone connections - this is especially beneficial with high-sensitivity in-ear monitors.
The hip-dac's 2,200mAh battery lasts for 8-12 hours of playing time, depending on volume level and how power-hungry the connected headphones are. It comes bundled with three USB cables: a USB-C OTG (On-The-Go) cable, ideal for connecting Android devices and PCs/Macs with USB-C ports; a USB Type A cable; and a Type A to USB-C charging cable. (The Camera Adapter required to connect Apple iOS devices is purchased separately.)
The iFi Audio hip-dac will be available starting in February for an MSRP in Canada of $199. iFi Audio products are distributed in Canada by Markham, ON-based Motet Distribution.